23 January 18, 1852

Lyman writes Henry again from the “land of Bowie Knives and Pistols.”  He describes a recent murder and says that there have been fifteen or twenty killings in the vicinity since he arrived three months earlier.  Lyman hopes to leave Tahlequah after the next big infusion of U.S. Government money in the Spring.

Lyman remarks that he has read a notice in the Greenfield, Massachusetts, newspaper that Henry has been elected to the Legislature.  Henry was an early member of the Liberty and Free Soil parties that contributed their abolitionist agendas to the Republican party in 1860.  The History of Ashfield  says this:  “About the beginning of the forties, the Liberty or Abolition party made its appearance in the shape of perhaps a dozen voters, or whom Jasper Bement, Henry S. Ranney and Dea. Samuel Bement were most prominent…this small beginning was the nucleus of the Free Soil party, which was in turn the nucleus of the Republican party in Ashfield, as well as in the nation…”  The History describes the growth of the abolition movement in Ashfield, noting that in 1849, Hosea Blake was elected in a contested race that included the recruitment of at least one black voter.  The election was protested and decided by the Legislature in favor of Blake, who won reelection in 1850 and was one of the men who voted to elect Charles Sumner to the Senate.  Sumner was elected by a single vote, so the Ashfield vote was significant in American history.

My transcription follows the images:


The original images are from the archives of the Ashfield Historical Society and are used with permission.


Tahlequah C. N. Jany 18th 1852

Dear Brother

Once more I drop you a few lines from this land of Bowie Knives and Pistols.  There has been not less than fifteen to twenty murders in this nation since I have been here (3 mos.)(all Indians I believe).  Last night there was a man part Indian (who had a grocery at this place) cut in pieces by two men under the influence of liquor.  They killed him in his own house, where there was five or six more at the same time.  They have the murderers but there is no certainty of their being hung as they clear more than half of the perpetrators of that deed here in the Nation.

This morning the news reached here of another man being murdered a few miles from here.  The one that was killed at this place was badly cut up.  I saw one cut in the breast that was not less than eight inches long and laid the heart bare.  A man has no certainty of his life I must confess.  Yet I expect to have to stay here six months or a year longer.

We have had some very cold weather here for the last few days.  Snow about 3 inches deep, the first there has been here this season.  Trade is dull here at present, the money that was paid out last fall to the Indians being nearly all gone.  There will be another payment made to the Indians about the 1st April next (amt. 1,500,000$) which will make money more plenty once more, after which I hope to leave the nation as it is not the place to suit me.

I see by the “Greenfield Paper” you sent me that you are elected a representative to the Legislature and will no doubt be in Boston at the time this reaches you, but I will direct it to Ashfield and then it can be forwarded if necessary.  Nothing more of importance to write at present.  Give my love to all our friends in your vicinity.  Write soon and let me hear all the news.

From Your Brother

L. A. Ranney

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