10 Strategies for Engaging Your Online Language Learners
Teaching languages online can be both challenging and rewarding. So much of what we do in face-to-face language classes is communicate and practice the target language.
- Be Present in the Class
- Create a supportive online community
- Set very clear expectations for communication for both yourself and students
- Use a variety of large group, small group, and individual activities
- Use both synchronous and asynchronous activities
- Ask for feedback early – “How’s it going?”
- Prepare discussion posts that invite questions, discussions, reflections, and responses
- Focus on course resources and materials that are easily accessible from the learners’ computers
- Combine core concept learning with customized and personalized learning
- Plan a good closing and wrap activity for the course
From Boettcher, J.V. (2011). Designing for Learning: Ten Best Practices for Teaching Online
What tools are available to help me teach online?
Instructional Design Services with IT Solutions offers several technology tools to help you increase engagement in your online language class
Strategy #1: Flip Your Classroom
The basics: Instructors pre-record lectures and then use the face-to-face time to employ active learning strategies including (but not limited to) answering questions, providing guidance, having students work on problems in teams, and/or asking students to present materials to peers. The flipped approach to lecture capture use is studied in Day and Foley’s (2006) research where they state that by using web lectures to present lecture material before class, more in-class time can be spent engaging students with hands-on learning activities. The results of their study show that flipping the classroom with Web lectures improves student performance.
Variations on the approach: Pre-recorded lectures can be recorded using any number of MNSU or cloud-based services (see below) and then uploaded to a D2L course for student review. Videos can be sprinkled with mastery questions or even sequenced in D2L with questions or entire quizzes to ensure that everyone comes to class ready to participate. Other strategies can be used to encourage more active, engaged learners during class.
Strategy #2: Spice Up Your Discussions
The basics: By bringing some technology into your online discussions, you can easily engage the students in authentic tasks. Use Yammer or Twitter to have discussions in the target language, write collaborative stories, or connect with native speakers outside the class.
Variations on the approach: Tap into the students’ creativity by posting prompts and asking for responses in a new format. Students (and instructors) can create comic strips, Vokis, animated videos, or word clouds in the target language. While this may not be an everyday strategy, it can break the monotony of daily or weekly discussions while adding an element of personalization to the course.
Strategy #3: Add Some Pow to Your (or Your Students’) Presentations
The basics: Ask students to create projects and assignments using animated presentation tools like Powtoon, GoAnimate, Prezi, or Wideo. Students can add their content and record voice-overs in the target language.*
Variations on the approach: Students can create digital stories, using photo images, with programs like Animoto or iMovie. They can record voiceovers and narrate a virtual trip to a city or country. Tools like Touchcast will allow students to record videos of themselves speaking, while adding items like documents or links to the same screen, making their videos more interactive.*
*These tools are not supported by IT Solutions
Strategy #4: Tweet in the Target Language
The basics: For quick knowledge checks or to assess whether a student can really explain the essentials of the content in the target language, ask them to tell you in 140 words or less. Summing up information or briefly explaining a concept is a skill that students can practice on sites like Yammer and Twitter. Hashtags (#hello) can be used to create a running archive of related posts.
Strategy #5: Make Your Own…(In The Target Language)
The basics: Sites like Armored Penguin, Toondoo and Voki allow you to personalize class materials in the target language. Students can also use the sites for peer teaching activities or presentations in the target language.*
Ex: Bonjour Toondoo
Ex: Welcome Voki
Variations on the Strategy: With Google forms, you can create a “Choose your own adventure story” in the target language. Use question logic and branching to test students reading comprehension.*
(**None of these tools are supported by IT Solutions)
Strategy #6: Tap Into Social Media
The basics: Facebook and Twitter have a wealth of language learning resources available for students. While you may not want to have a class Facebook page, ask your students to connect with at least one target language resource and have them report back to the class regularly on what that resource is sharing. If you have a class Yammer page, students can share interesting target language posts and news with the class.
Variations on the approach: Ask students to connect with native speakers or authentic target language sites on social media and report back to the class. For example, French students can follow tweets from Le Monde and report the latest news back to the class or students can ask native speakers for authentic translations for lesser-known words.
Strategy #7: Harness the Power of Tablets and Smartphones
The basics: There are many apps available for learners of second languages. From maps of the Paris metro to target-language games, apps are a good way to keep students learning outside the walls of the classroom. Apps like iTalk and Voice Recorder Pro allow students to practice their target language speaking skills and easily send audio files to an instructor.
Variations on the approach: Create an activity using Google Earth. Ask students to search for a series of specific locations or landmarks in a given country. Ask them to describe each landmark in the target language.
Strategy #8: Stop, Collaborate and Listen
The basics: Students can use OneDrive to create group documents that they can edit in real-time. Since the document is stored “on the cloud”, the most up-to-date version of the document is always available to all group members. Group members can also control who can access, edit or view the document at any time.
Variations on the approach: Online collaboration with written assignments is also useful for peer review and editing. Students can share the document with the class or specific students who can view or edit, using the comment function. Instructors can also view the document and the peer edits in real-time.
Strategy #9: Give Good (Audio) Feedback
The basics: Feedback on assignments plays a large role in motivation and learning. Formative feedback can be instrumental in improving the learning experience for the student. It also has the potential to provide just-in-time intervention and remediation to those students who may be struggling and would benefit from more in-depth or personalized feedback than other students. Audio feedback gives instructors a time-efficient way to provide students personalized, in-depth feedback on assignments. Written feedback for many assignments, such as PowerPoint presentations or creative assignments such as infographics, wikis, or blogs, often requires the use of a separate document such as a rubric that creates a natural disconnect between assignment and feedback as the student is forced to flip back and forth between assignment and rubric. The use of screen capture software can allow the instructor to explore the assignment while providing spoken, real-time feedback. This method of feedback creates an immediate connection to the areas where the student excelled and the opportunities for improvement.
Variations on the approach: Send your students reminders, clarification notes, question answers, discussion prompts, and other administrative notes using an audio tool like the D2L Record Audio feature under “email classlist”. With audio mail, you can add personalization to the course, speak in the target language, and connect with your students. You can also use online tools that allow you to email or download audio recordings.
Strategy #10: Unleash the Power of PowerPoint
The basics: PowerPoint is a great tool to use for flipping your classroom, but is it also a powerful tool when you are presenting to students in the target language. Using animations and movement within the slides can visually illustrate concepts rather than giving a verbal explanation. Using audio and video embedded in the PowerPoint can also help engage students.
Variations on the approach: Students can add audio and video to PowerPoint presentations in the target language. In online classes, ask students to record audio as if they were presenting in class.