6 Sources

This is not an exhaustive list, but I have checked many types of sources including: birth, marriage and death records; census and land records; ship manifests and naturalization papers and books such as:

  • A County Built on Iron
  • Duluth and St. Louis County
  • Finnish Immigrants in America
  • History of Duluth and St. Louis County
  • History of Finns in Minnesota
  • History of St. Louis County
  • Mesabi Pioneers
  • Minnesota‚Äôs Iron Country

Thanks again to everyone who has shared information!


A Finnish Family in Northern Minnesota Copyright © by Jill Holman. All Rights Reserved.

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